What Does India Import?

What does India import? India imports a wide variety of products, from crude oil to semi-manufactured gold. Here we look at some of these products, their value, and specializations. We’ll also cover the latest trends, and see what our friends in other parts of the world are purchasing. To see which products India is most interested in, read on. We’ll also discuss the value of imported goods.


Imports and exports data is available for various products from India. The most valuable products are exported to the USA, UAE, Singapore and China. UK is the eighth largest importer of Indian products. Petroleum products and pharmaceutical products are India’s major exports. India exports finished products at a lower cost than its imports. For example, India imports petroleum products but also exports re-exported oil.


In February 2020, India will import $1.33 billion worth of goods, a 7% rise from the previous year. In that same month, imports of animal fats, oils, waxes and fish products increased by over 15%. In the following year, imports of petroleum products, bituminous minerals, petroleum oils and powders will increase by more than 7%. Imports of gold and readymade garments will also rise, increasing by nearly 4%.


There are several specializations in India’s imports and exports. These imports and exports are categorized by complexity, ranging from low to high, and are made of different products. High-complexity products include: Processed hair, Granite, Other Organic Compounds, Ground Nut Oil, and Tool plates and tips. These imports and exports are measured by RCA index, which takes into consideration the ratio between India’s observed and expected exports of each product.

Value of imports

The value of India imports increased to $367 Billion in 2020, up from $478 Billion in 2019. The increase was due primarily to an increase in the import of products from Africa, where 31.6% of India’s imports came from Nigeria, South Africa, Angola, Ghana, and Egypt. In addition to a growing demand for Indian products in these areas, the country’s growing economy means that it needs to increase imports from these countries as well.

Origin of imports

The new rules on Origin of imports into India are causing a stir in the trade community. While the new rules aim to provide more information on the origin of items entering the country, some Asia-Pacific nations are concerned about their impact on overall trade. As a result, multiple nations have flagged the new rules as imposing new non-tariff barriers. For example, countries with pacts with India are likely to benefit from lower trade barriers. However, countries without trade pacts with India are attempting to take advantage of the fact that India’s partner countries are reducing the number of barriers.

Product categories

Compared to previous years, India imports a variety of goods from foreign countries. In February 2022, exports from India to the United States, South Africa, and Australia were up significantly. India also imported more iron ore, rice (other than basmoti), and pearl, semiprecious stones and other chemicals. The overall value of India’s imports rose by a quarter. But in some product categories, such as agricultural products, India is dependent on Chinese imports.

Sources of imports

A recent report shows that China is one of India’s top import sources. Other major import sources include Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Switzerland. The UK, which ranks fifth, slipped one spot from the previous year. The United States continues to contribute to India’s deficit with other countries, such as Ukraine and Indonesia. The country also increased its imports of optical photographic equipment from the USA and of inorganic chemicals from Australia and Morocco.

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